Sanatorium du basil (Belgium)

This sanatorium was built in 1900 by the director of a bacteriological laboratory to take care of tuberculosis patients. Patients started living there in 1903.

At that time there was no treatment for tuberculosis. It was one of the first institutions that were built in Belgium.

In the 1950s, new cases of tuberculosis reduced due to the use of antibiotics. Most institutions closed in the 60s and 70s or sought a different target group.

Due to the air pollution caused by the reconstruction after the Second World War (coke factories, blast furnaces, …) there were many children with asthma, and the remaining centers specialized in their treatment.

After the sanatorium era, the building was used for a while as a rest and nursing home, and in the period 2010 to 2012 also as center for immigrants.

Due to the enormous costs, including heating, it was closed in 2013. Since then it’s been left abandoned.

This imposing building with a length of about 150 meters is built on a clearing in the forest at an altitude of 420 meters. It is oriented towards the south for optimal use of light sun and heat and the architecture refers to the grandeur of German spa hotels.

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